2015 - Research

Motor-Vehicle Collisions Involving Child Pedestrians at Intersection and Mid-Block Locations

Factors associated with motor-vehicle collisions involving child pedestrians may differ by mid-block or intersection location, which may be an important consideration for safe walks to school.

  • Intersections with yield or stop signs and no intersection controls were associated with lower risk of motor vehicle collisions involving child pedestrians compared with intersections with traffic signals. The researchers speculated that this could be because intersection controls are generally on roads with more traffic, which could contribute to higher risk.
  • A longer road segment for blocks predicted a higher risk of collisions in mid-block crossings.
  • Traffic volume and location in a mixed or non-residential land use were associated with higher risk of collisions.
  • This study used a matched case-control design to analyze associations between the transportation environment and child pedestrian injuries during school hours (between 7 a.m. and 5 p.m.) in Ontario, Canada. Cases were mid-block or intersection locations where children ages 5-14 experienced a motor-vehicle collision, and controls were selected as areas with similar geography and sociodemographics without collisions in the same year.

Bennet, S.A. and Yiannaloulias, N. (2015). Motor-vehicle collisions involving child pedestrians at intersection and mid-block locations. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 78, 94-103.

Authored by: 
Bennet S.A. and Yiannaloulias N