2014 - Research

Motor Vehicle-Pedestrian Collisions and Walking to School: The Role of the Built Environment

Key takeaway: Pedestrian collisions are more strongly associated with built environment features than with proportions of children walking

Results:

  • Higher rates of children walking and biking to school had no significant association with traffic-related injury after adjusting for population density and roadway design variables (multifamily dwelling density, traffic light, traffic calming and one-way street density, school crossing guard presence, and school socioeconomic status).

Methods:

  • This study was based on police-reported pedestrian collision data for children ages 4-12, proportions of children walking to school, and built environment data from 2002-2011 in Toronto, Canada.

Rothman, L., Macarthur, C., To, T., Buliung, R., Howard, A. (2014). Motor Vehicle-Pedestrian Collisions and Walking to School: The Role of the Built Environment. Pediatrics, 133(5), 1-9.