2010 - Research

Socioeconomic Status, Physical Fitness, Self-Concept, Attitude toward Physical Education, and Academic Achievement of Children

The goal was to analyze the physical fitness, self-concept, attitudes toward physical education, and academic achievement of Turkish elementary school children by socioeconomic status.

  • 198 (101 boys, 97 girls) students from Grades 7 and 8 completed the Children’s Attitude Inventory towards Physical Education, the Piers-Harris Children’s Self-concept Scale, and Eurofit Physical Fitness Test Battery.
  • Significant differences were found between the groups of Low and High socioeconomic status (SES) in terms of physical fitness and academic achievement. While the Low SES group had higher mean scores on physical fitness, mean academic achievements of the High SES group were higher. Mean differences in height, self-concept, and children’s attitudes toward physical education by socioeconomic status were not statistically significant.
  • Particular attention should be paid to physical fitness in children of high socioeconomic status and the academic achievement of children with low socioeconomic status.

Aktop A (2010). Socioeconomic status, physical fitness, self-concept, attitude toward physical education, and academic achievement of children. Perceptual and motor skills, 110 (2):531-546.